CSS3 Selectors

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CSS3 marches in with an army of new selectors. Let’s look at it through the lens of Internet Explorer. Depending on what version of IE you have to support, you can use the following selectors:

IE8+

  • span[att^="val"] – the attr attribute value that starts with a “val” string. Is is widely used by CSS frameworks for making grids. Classes such as .span1, .span2 etc. are targeted like this: span[class^="span"]
  • span[att$="val"] – the attr attribute value that ends with a “val” string.
  • span[att*="val"] – the attr attribute value that contains a “val” string.
  • p ~ ul – unlike p + ul, both selectors have the same parent but are non-adjacent.

IE9+

  • span:empty – targets all <span> elements that have no child elements or text.
  • div:target – targets the link anchor (/url#anchor).
  • input:enabled, input:disabled – targets a form field that is read-only.
  • input:checked – targets an active input type checkbox, radio or option.
  • *::selection – styling of selected text.
  • span:not(.blue) – targets all spans except the ones with the blue class.
  • :first-child, :last-child, :only-child – target the first, last or only child of a parent.
  • :nth-child(n), :nth-last-child(n) – target an n-th child from the start or end. You can master this crazy (yet very useful) selector using this online tool: NthMaster.
  • :first-of-type, :last-of-type, :only-of-type – target the first, last or only one of a type element.



Content

Introduction

Introduction

On today’s frontend UI development

UI development transformations

Tools, technologies and workflows

Fallback strategies

CSS3 reference guide

Introduction

Text properties

Background properties

Border properties

Box properties

Media Queries

CSS transforms

CSS animations

CSS3 Layout

Another CSS3 Properties

Non-standard properties

End

End

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