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Last modified: 14. 3. 2016
Thanks to CSS pixels and the need to reduce file size, there are a lot more problems to solve than simply, “should I use PNG or JPG?”
Before we start, we have to divide website images into two categories: interface images and content images.
The only sustainable approach here is to use vector graphics. Font icons are a good but temporary solution. The SVG vector format, on the other hand, offers much more interesting options.
When dealing with interface enhancement (custom shadows, buttons or borders) the best choice is to use CSS3 or alternatively, SVG. css-tricks.com/using-svg/
You can export images in huge resolutions (e.g. four times higher than the original) and reduce their sizes in HTML.
You can solve the
device-pixel-ratio problem that way.
However, the file size of your website will be so large that users will track you down and beat you to death with their mobile phones.
Just a reminder: an image optimized for Retina displays (2x) does not contain twice the number of pixels but four times the number of pixels (4x). So its file size will also be four times larger.
Therefore, I recommend using the new attributes of the
<img> tag —